Kreta zum sehen kretamietwagen.com/3/8.html
Kreta (griechisch Κρήτη Kriti (f. sg); schon im mykenischen Griechisch belegt im Wort ke-re-si-jo we-ke = Krēsio-wergēs (transkribiert aus der Linearschrift B); türkisch Girit, früher auch italienisch Candia (von arabisch Khandaq = Graben), ist die größte griechische Insel und mit 8.261,183 Quadratkilometern Fläche sowie 1066 Kilometern Küstenlinie die fünftgrößte Insel im Mittelmeer. Die Region Kreta umfasst 8.331,231 Quadratkilometer und schließt einige umliegende Inseln mit ein, von denen das vor der kretischen Südküste gelegene, bewohnte Gavdos den südlichsten Punkt Europas markiert.
Die Insel hat insgesamt 600.159 Einwohner (Stand 2001). Verwaltungs- und Wirtschaftszentrum Kretas ist Iraklio, mit etwa 140.000 Einwohnern gleichzeitig die größte Stadt Kretas.
Kreta claimed by many Greeks to be the most authentic of the islands, is by far the largest. It stretches 256km(159mile)east to west and is between 11 and 56km (7and 35milos) wide. A massive mountainous backbone dominates, with peaks stretching skywards to over 2400 metres (7.874 ft). In the north the mountainous slope more gently,producing fertile plains, while in the south they plunge precipitously into the sea. Crete is called Megalonissos – the Great island – is what the Cretans call their home.
The island has an elongated shape: it spans 260 km (160 mi) from east to west, is 60 km (37 mi) at its widest point, and narrows to as little as 12 km (7.5 mi) (close to Ierapetra). Crete covers an area of 8,336 km2 (3,219 sq mi), with a coastline of 1,046 km (650 mi); to the north, it broaches the Sea of Crete (Greek: Κρητικό Πέλαγος); to the south, the Libyan Sea (Greek: Λιβυκό Πέλαγος); in the west, the Myrtoan Sea, and toward the east the Karpathion Sea. It lies approximately 160 km (99 mi) south of the Greek mainland.
Great can certainly be applied to the Minoan civilization, the first in Europe and one with which Crete is inexorably entwined.
With two major airports, Crete cannot be classified as undiscovered, but through its size and scale it manages to contain the crowds and to please visitors with widely divergent tastes. While a car is essential for discovering the best of the island, car hire is, fortunately comparatively inexpensive.
Climate of Crete
Crete’s climate is sub Tropical and in few places approaches the tropical climate of the south mediterranean sea. Its location is ideal for mild winters and warm summers, it is generally warm during all year in Crete. The highest mountains of Crete are: Psilorotis mountain(2456m height) in Rethymnon region and White mountains (2452m height) in Chania region, Lassithi plateau-Dikti mountain(2153m height), it is rearly but during the winter time is snowing on their top mountains.
Crete is extremely mountainous, and its character is defined by a high mountain range crossing from west to east, formed by three different groups of mountains. These are:
- the White Mountains or Lefka Ori (2,452 m (8,045 ft));
- the Idi Range (Psiloritis (35°11′N 24°49′E / 35.18°N 24.82°E) 2,456 m (8,058 ft));
- the Dikti Mountains (2,148 m (7,047 ft));
- Kedros (1,777 m (5,830 ft));
- Thripti (1,489 m (4,885 ft))
Economy of Crete
Crete island can be considered as an independent island, the place borns super quality of high level agricultural goods, vegetables, fruits, olive oil, as well as high quality of animal meat, due to the climate and the 320 sunny days of the year. Its economy is not based on local productions only but is based on Tourism too, the island is one of the 1st European destinations choise and attracts more and more tourist visitors every year. Its old minoan oldest European civilization is the great weapon of heavy industry of Tourism on the island as well as the climate.
History of Crete
Crete’s history starts thousands of years before and is claiming it has the oldest civilization found in Europe, the Minoan. Minoans were the leaders on ship trading and general trading on the Mediterranean sea during their times. Crete became for many conquerors their startpoint for conquering all the Mediterranean islands, its position was the aim for many races/confident conquerors to war and fight. It is important to refer the Venetians, Arabs, Turks and last German nazi troops commanded the island during the years.
Airports in Crete
Crete has 3 political airports, Heraklion N.Kazantzakis airport, Chania I.Daskalogiannis airport and Sitia airport. Crete has 3 air force airports too, Tympaki airport, Kasteli airport, Souda airport too. Heraklion airport is the busiest airport of Crete and the second busiest airport all over Greece, after Athens airport.
Ports in Crete
Crete has many sea ports, starting from the North of the island: west with Kastelli Kissamos port at Chania region, Souda port in Chania city, Rethymnon port in Rethymnon city, Heraklion trading and leisure cruise port in Heraklion city, Agios Nikolaos Port, Sitia port. South of Crete exist ierapetra port, Kali Limenes port, Agia Galini port, Agia Roumeli port, Paleochora port too.
Crete is a perfect destination to all visitors, they can find family runned accommodations, hotels, apartments as well as villas and 5star hotels offering high standard amenities to their visitors. Nevertheless Crete has many accomodation building, exist many camping places in all regions.
Crete Driving by Car
Hiring a car in Crete is important to visit all far beautiful places of the island. It is important to check Check the insurance and make sure that it is comprehensive to avoid unpleasant surprises, we provide this insurance to all our clients. Petrol stations often close around 9 pm, particularly in villages. After renting the car, make sure you will fill it up with gas. the rate per liter is varrying between gas stations in big cities and villages.
- Safe driving on Crete
- Crete car hire, necessary documents
- Emergency telephone numbers
- Where to go and where to drive on Crete
Sighseeing in Crete, Lasithi prefecture
-Kato Zakros Palace, ruins of Minoan civilization. Palekastro Bay. Vai Palm Beach close to Sitia. Monastery of Toplou close to Sitia. Sitia city. Makri Gialos village(south), Ierapetra village city and port. Agios Nikolaos city, Elounda village, Sisi Village port, Lassithi plateau, Diktaion Andron cave(place of birth of Zeus), Arvi village(the place where banannas and other Tropical fruits are produced).
Sightseeing in Crete, Heraklion prefecture
-Minoan Palace in Knossos must be priorated in your visits. Festos Palace in south of Crete close to Matala bay. Ancient Gortys Palace in Gortys, a Minoan palace too. Heraklion plain Messaras villages, landscape places, as well as many beaches and physical ports.
|Knossos Palace||Disc of Festos||Malia Minoan palace||Knossos Throne|
Sighseeing in Rethymnon
-Rethymnon is one of the most interesting Regions, Noth is stretching a 14km long sandy beach, infront of the city of Rethymnon. Old city of Rethymnon is very attractive, Plakias resort and beach, Moni Preveli monastery and palm beach, Agia Galini port, Psiloritis mountain, Zoniana cave, Idaion Andron Cave, Arkadi Monastery, Spili Village.
Sightseeing in Chania prefecture
-Chania old city, venetian harbour, souda bay, village landscape sighseeing, Vamos, Sfakia village, Chora Sakion, infront of the Libyan Sea, Agia Roumeli port, Samaria Gorge, Elafonisi beach, Paleochora village port.
Local food-Eat in Crete
Crete is based on the Mediterranean food. Nearly all foods are cooked with the virgin olive oil of Crete. Its Gastronomy is influenced from other parts of Greece and especially from Middle East in the beginning of 20th century. you will find many tastes and a lot of different flavours of food in Crete.
Local drinks-Drink in Crete
Cretan people are producing local Tsikoudia drink (Raki well known) and is distillated from grapes. The local wines are very tasty too and its unique flavour differs from region in region.
|Gouves – Stalis – Malia||Sitia – Makri Gialos – Ierapetra||Elounda – Agios Nikolaos||Matala – Gortys|
|Sisi – Milatos||Guide to Heraklion||Car-rental-in-Crete||Rethymnon|
|Platanes – Plakias||Agia Marina – Platanias||Paleochora – Kissamos – Sfakia||Ammoudara|